Railroads and Railroad History in the United States: S

Sabine & East Texas RR: 94/23, loco. 33; SP/18, loco. 27, 28
Sabine River & Log. Co.: 75/37
Sabula, Ackley & Dakota RR: 132/74; 136/26, loco., 73
Sacketts Harbor & Ellisburg RR: 122/62-67
Sacketts Harbor, Rome & New York RR: 122/65-67
Sacramento & Placerville RR: 94/23 128; SP/18, loco., 109; mention, 48/11
Sacramento & Woodland RR: 48/39
Sacramento, Auburn & Nevada RR: 48/36-37
Sacramento Northern Ry: 48/39, 40; 151 55, 64, 66; loco., 175/131
Sacramento, Placer & Nevada RR: 29/53
"Sacramento Shops," by D.L. Joslyn, 48/ 25-31; loco. building for Central Pacific RR, 6/44-51
Sacramento Southern RR: 48/37
Sacramento Terminal Ry: 48/38
Sacramento Valley RR: "The Iron Horse and the Days of Gold," by G.H.
       Kneiss, 29/44-54; Sacramento loco. lithograph, 142/36; history, 48/8-19,
       37, photo 41; Sacramento shop, 48/25-31; loco. notes, 68/43; 127/46, 47;
       SP/18, 105, 109; 180//8, 26; mention, 5/16-17; 6/44; 17/47; 20/52; 94/23
Safety (see also Rules, Accidents): torpedoes (1870), 136/124; safety rules in
       New England (1800s), 105/12-13; Train Speeds and Safety in 1826 as
       Expounded by Claudius Crozet," by E.O. Cullen, 17/41 -46; "Safety First Comes
       to the Railroads, 1910-1939," by Mark Aldrich, 166/6-33; "Safe and Suitable
       Boilers: The Railroads, the Interstate Commerce Commission, and Locomotive
       Safety, 1900-1945," by Mark Aldrich, 171/23-44; "Engineering Dreams into
       Disaster: History of the Tay Bridge," by Marion K. Pinsdorf, 179/89-116;
       "Engineering Success and Disaster: American Railroad Bridges, 1840-1900," by Mark
       Aldrich, 180/31-72
Saginaw Valley & St. Louis RR: 129/20
St. Augustine & Palatka Ry: 86/103, 105
St. Augustine & Picolata RR: 86/11
St. Augustine & South Beach RR: 86/128
St. Charles Air Line RR: 95/68, 69, 74; 78/47; 24/9; Chicago terminal, 120/36
St. Charles Branch RR: 95/74
St. Charles Car Co.: 138/12,14
St. Clair Coal & Iron Co.: 35/72
St. Cloud & Lake Traverse Ry: 143/14
St. Cloud & Sugar Belt RR: 86/79, 87
St. Cloud-Grantsburgh & Ashland Ry: Wis/56,57
St. Cloud, Mankato & Austin RR: 143/14
St. Crolx & Chippewa Falls Ry: 54/56-57;
St. Croix & Penobscot RR: 56/88; 3/52; 152/53
St. Francis & Kennebec Ry: 28/36
St. Francois County RR: 122/37
St. Johns RR: 86/11, 26-28, 105; 103/62
St. Johns & Halifax Ry: 86/103, photo opp. 107
St. Johns & Halifax River Ry: 86/103-104, 105
St. Johns & Indian River RR: 86/41
St. Johns & Lake Eustis Ry: 86/40-41; roster, 86/41
St. Johns River RR, Tram or Iron RR Co.: 86/41
St. Johnsbury & Lake Champlain RR: roster, 34/55-56; purchase of Hardwick &
       Woodbury RR, 68/55-56; mention, 61/ 62; 44/66; 100/64, 65
St. Joseph & Council Bluffs RR: 132/73; locos., Q2/55
St. Joseph & Des Moines RR: 24/41
St. Joseph & Lake Wimmico RR: locos. 1838, 6/33; 62/59
St. Joseph & St. Louis RR: locos.,75/152-153,26, 35; SF/18
St. Joseph Terminal Co.: 75/86
St. Joseph Valley Traction Co.: 174/65
St. Lawrence RR: 56/83
St. Lawrence River Power Co.: 162/68, 76
St. Louis: railroad depots, 1850-1900, 120/39-44
St. Louis, Alton & Southern RR: 119/56
St. Louis, Alton & Terre Haute RR: 140/ 8,locos., 13, 15, 30,79, 86
St. Louis & Cairo RR: 148/24,28, 36; 154/134; locos. 157/88, 108-109
St. Louis & Cedar Rapids RR: 133/9, 34
St. Louis & Chicago RR: 140/8, locos., 27,81
St. Louis & Eastern RR: 140/8, loco., 87
St. Louis & Gulf RR: 122/36; loco. 156/67
St. Louis & Hannibal RR: 124/70-75; 95/45; loco. 159/62
St. Louis & Kansas City Ry: 63/12,20
St. Louis & Oklahoma City RR: 60/12, 66
St. Louis & Peoria RR: 140/8, loco., 81
St. Louis & San Francisco RR: see St. Louis-San Francisco RR
St. Louis & Santa Fe RR: 63/12, 19
St. Louis & Suburban Ry: 151/17
St. Louis, Alton & Chicago RR: 156/57, 58
St. Louis, Arkansas & Texas RR: 131/43, 49,50; 148/33
St. Louis, Avoyelles & South Western RR: 131/50
St. Louis, Brownsville & Mexico RR: 94/ 56
St. Louis Car Co.: USRA freight cars, 128/14,27
St. Louis Coal Co.: 140/9, locos., 27, 79, 86
St. Louis, Council Bluffs & Omaha RR: 133/34
St. Louis, Des Moines & Northern RR: 132/77
St. Louis, El Reno & Western RR: 60/46, 65; 174/76ff
St. Louis, Indianapolis & Eastern RR: 140/9, locos., 27,82, 87
St. Louis, Iron Mountain & Southern RR: 60/54; 122/36, 37
St. Louis, Jacksonville & Chicago RR: 156/57, 63, 85
St. Louis, Kansas City & North Western RR: 132/77
St. Louis, Kansas City & Northern RR: 133/10, 34, locos., 38,52-55, 68,72
St. Louis, Keokuk & North Western RR: Q2/31, photo opp. 32, 33, locos., 57,
       62, 63, roster, 64-65; Q1/7ff; mention, 132/75
St. Louis, Memphis & South Eastern Ry: 122/37
St. Louis, Oklahoma & Southern RR: 60/ 67
St. Louis, Peoria, & Northern RR: 140/9, locos., 81, 87; 156/57, 85
St. Louis, Rock Island & Chicago RR: locos., Q2/16, 18, 32-34
St. Louis, Rocky Mountain & Pacific RR: 75/26, 64; emblem 153/67; 172/74
St. Louis-San Francisco RR: involvement with AT&SF RR, 80/18; with first
       RR in Oklahoma, 60l9-13, 66-70; with Atlantic & Pacific RR, 105/70;
       Russian 2-10-0s, 124/68,70-71; USRA freight cars, 128/28-33; mention,
       75/26, 50, 97; SF/18; loco. 152/68; emblem 153/53;
St. Louis, San Francisco & New Orleans RR: 60/67
St. Louis-Southwestern RR: locos. sold to South Pacific RR, 94/121, 145, 150:
       loco. notes, 131/79, 80, 82; 146/103; emblem 153/53; "To 'Jettison
       Conventions and Taboos of Railroading': Cotton Belt's Blue Streak," by
       Donovan L. Hofsommer, 153/75-92; "What It Takes," by Don L.Hofsommer,
       187/74-77
St. Louis, Troy & Eastern RR: 145/108-109; loco. 154/102
St. Louis, Vandalia & Terre Haute RR: 92/104, 105
St. Marys & Eastern RR: 93/13
St. Marys & South Western RR: 61/81; 76/50; 93/11
St. Marys & Western RR: 93/13
St. Paul & Chicago RR: 136/26, 179/70; loco. 136/70
St. Paul & Des Moines RR: 132/79; loco. 159/62
St. Paul & Duluth RR; Wis/56,58
St. Paul & Pacific RR: locos. William Crooks and Edmund Rice, 107/12-27;
       95/47, 50, equipment, 51-55; 143/14 locos., 32, 40-44, 48
St. Paul & St. Croix RR: 54/56-57, 71; Wis/68
St. Paul & St. Croix Falls RR: 54/57
St. Paul & Sioux City RR: 132/76; 154/18,20
St. Paul Bridge & Terminal RR: 154/34, 94
St. Paul Eastern Grand Trunk Ry: Wis/9 17; 121/59
St. Paul, Minneapolis & Manitoba Ry: VC/33; 143/15, locos., 32, 34, 40-42, 44
       46, 48-50, 54, 59, 62, 77, 78; loco. 154/92
St, Paul, Stillwater & Taylor's Falls: 154/20
Salem & Lowell RR: 17/18
Salem, Falls City & Western RR: SP/22, 79; 94/23, 78, 96, 122, 129
Saline Northern RR: 119/52
Saline Valley RR: 122/37, 38
Salt Lake & Mercur RR: 160/36ff
Salt Lake & Utah Ry: 151/26,53,54
Salt Lake, Sevier Valley & Pacific Ry: 149/64-65
San Antonio & Aransas Pass RR: roster, 94/57-58; 94/14, 23, 31, 36, 42, 44,
       45, 49, 50, 52, 148; SP/19,26, 31, 32, 37, 39, 42-43; 47,52
San Antonio & Gulf Shore RR: 94/23, 33, 36; SP/19, 28, 31
San Antonio & Mexican Gulf RR: 94/23; SP/19
San Antonio & Texas Gulf RR: 94/23,54; SP/45
San Antonio Belt & Terminal Co.: 63/15, 21
San Antonio, Fredericksburg & Northern RR: 63/60, 63
San Antonio, Uvalde & Gulf RR: 136/80
San Bernardino & Los Angeles RR: 80/39
San Bernardino & Redlands RR: 94/23, 127; SP/18, 103
San Bernardino & San Diego RR: 80/40
San Bernardino Valley Ry: 80/40
San Cristobal RR: 76/20
San Diego & Arizona RR: 71/14-17, locos., 18-19, 22-23
"San Diego & Arizona Eastern Ry," by R.P. Middlebrook and G.M. Best, 71/7-24;
       acquisition of Holton Interurban branch, 112/52; locos., SP/83, 85, 109;
       mention, 100/41
San Diego & Cuyamaca RR: 71/13, 17, 20; 94/87
San Diego & Fort Yuma RR: 71/7
San Diego & Gila, Southern Pacific & Atlantic RR: 80/ll, picture opp. 12,
       15; 71/7
San Diego & Old Town Ry: 71/16, photo opp. 21; 123/68-69,71
San Diego & Pacific Beach RR: 71/photo opp. 23; 123/69
San Diego & Phoenix RR: 71/7, 14
San Diego & South Eastern RR: 71/8, 13, 14, 17, 18,21; 119/57
San Diego Central Ry: 80/40
San Diego, Cuyamaca & Eastern RR: history and locos., 71/12-13, 20, photo
       opp. 9,17; mention, 94/85
San Diego, Old Town & Pacific Beach RR: 71/16, 23; 123/69
San Diego, Pacific Beach & La Jolla Ry: 71/16, photo opp. 23,23; 123/70-71
San Diego Southern RR: history and loco., 71/10, 12, 13, photo opp. 14, 17, 21
San Francisco: first loco., 55/62-63; cable cars, 124/34
San Francisco & Alameda RR: 17/50, 51; photo, 65/11; 94/23, loco., 138; SP/19; 180/8
San Francisco & Eureka RR: 29/29
San Francisco & Humboldt Bay RR: 29/ 27
San Francisco & Marysville RR: 48/31
San Francisco & North Pacific RR: history, 29/26-29; photos, 29/34-35;
       locos., 29/39-40; 68/45, 47, photos, 48-49; loco. No. 1 photo, 127/54;
       mention, 17/48, 49
San Francisco & North Western RR: 29/32-33, 42, 30; 75/25, 30; SF/18
San Francisco & Northern RR: 29/31
San Francisco & Oakland Ry: 17/48, 50; 94/24, 138; SP/19; loco, 180/8
San Francisco & Sacramento RR: 48/31, 33
San Francisco & San Joaquin Valley RR: 75/25, 160, 161
San Francisco & San Jose RR: "The History of San Francisco's First
       Railroad," by G.H. Kneiss, 35/52-61; roster, 68/41, 43, 44; 127/48, 51;Boston
       Board of Trade Special (1870), 135/88-90; mention, 17/49, 52, 53; 29/27,
       43; 80/12; loco. notes, 94/9, 24, 70, 71, 129, 134, 135, 136; SP/19,56,57,
       104-107; 180/8, 26-27
San Francisco & San Rafael RR: 29/28
San Francisco, Tamalpais & Bolinas RR: 29/32
San Gabriel Valley Rapid Transit Ry: 99/ 25-26 (history and roster)
San Jacinto Valley Ry: 80/40
San Joaquin & Eastern RR: 49/67; 94/72, 87; 160/40ff
San Joaquin & Sierra Nevada RR: 94/24, 126; SP/19, 102
San Joaquin Valley RR: 94/24, 135; SP/ 22
San Pedro, Los Angeles & Salt Lake RR: 146/35; acquisition of Los Angeles Terminal RR,
       99/20,21; emblem 153/28
San Rafael & San Quentin RR: 29/30, 33
Sand Springs Ry: 60/70; 151/56
Sanderson & Porter Co.: 156/59
Sandusky & Columbus Short Line RR: 134/37
Sandusky City & Indiana RR: 134/35
Sandusky, Mansfield & Newark RR: 119/67
Sandy River RR: 3/52; 37/15-32; 57/15-72, 122
Sandy River & Rangely Lakes RR: 37/15-32; 57/15-72, 122; invoIvement with
       Wiscasset, Waterville & Farmington RR, 43/46, 47, 48; mail contract, 43/57;
       "Rollin into Kingfield," by C.G. Wilson, 38/39 (poem); mention, 3/52,
       44/24; 49/67
Sandy Valley & Elkhorn RR: 66/47, 48, 49
Sanford & Indian River RR: 86/76
Sanford, Indian Springs & Ocala Ry: 86/124
Sanford & Lake Eustis Ry: 86/82
Sanford & St. Petersburg RR: 86/90-93; 77/17
Sangamon & Morgan RR: 93/116; 133/12-13, 34, 45
Santa Ana & Newport Beach Ry: 94/24, locos., 70, 76, 129; SP/l9, locos., 56,
       109, photo, 31
Santa Clara & Pajaro Valley RR: 17/52, 53
Santa Cruz RR: 17/51; 94/24
Santa Fe Central RR: 75/43
Santa Fe Chief: 135/33
Santa Fe Deluxe: 1/23
"The Santa Fe in the South Western United States," by J.G. Fry, 105/69-72.
       See also Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe RR
Santa Fe Pacific RR: 75/25
Santa Fe, Prescott, Phoenix RR: 75/25, locos., 162-163
Santa Fe, Raton & Eastern RR: 75/25,52
"[Research Note:] Santa Fe's 120-Ton Industrial Works
       Derricks," by Richard W. Pelouze, 160/51-59
Santa Fe Southern RR: 77/18
Santa Fe Terminal Co. of California: 75/ 26, 96
Santa Maria Valley RR: "A Tug of War on the...," 148/80-81 (gas electric loco.
       versus steam in 1925); 94/86; 100/42
Santa Rosa, Sebastopol & Green Valley RR: 29/29
Sapulpa & Oil Fields RR: 60/68
Sapulpa Union Ry: 60/70
Saratoga & Schenectady RR: locos. 1838, 6/25; 62/48; history and locos. 1840,
       101/63; first loco. truck, 15/73; mention, 20/37, 38
Saratoga & Washington RR: 39/36-37
Saratoga Limited: 1/7-8
Sauk Center Northern RR: 107/26; 143/15
Sauk River Lbr. Co.: 119/53
Sault Ste. Marie & Marquette RR: 111/46, 48; Wis/39
Sault Ste. Marie & Southwestern Ry: 52/67, photo 71, roster, 72; CNW/24;
       Wis/33, 37; 154/20
Sauntry & Cain Co.: 93/99 (Minnesota log. RR)
Sausalito Land & Ferry Co.: 29/27, 30, 31
Savannah & Atlanta RR: loco., 175/128
Savannah, Albany & Gulf RR: 86/63
Savannah, Americus & Montgomery RR: 144/90
Savannah & Statesboro RR: 88/89
Savannah, Florida & Western RR: 4-6-2s built in 1893 by Rhode Island, Nos.
       104-106, 89/163; history, 86/63-64, 65, 92-100; 88/92-96; roster, 88/96
Savannah Skiddaway & Seaboard RR: 10/9
Savannah State Docks: locos., 180/140
"The Savor of Old Time Southern Railroading," by Jesse Burt, 84/36-44
"Sawyer River Railroad," by H.S Walker, 46/30-31
Scanlon-Gipsum L. Co.: 154/41
Schenectady & Margaretville RR: 43/23
Schenectady & Saratoga RR: first passenger car, 32/53
Schenectady & Southwestern RR: 43/23
Schenectady & Troy RR: Winans passenger car patent suit, 123/15; loco. 167/30
Schenectady & Utica RR: loco. Lightning, 14/26-27
Schenectady Locomotive Engine Manufactory: 14/25
Schenectady Loco. Works: "History of . . . ," by H.B. Van Vechten, 14/24-37;
       first 100 loco. record, 14/37-39; mention, 8/29
Schoharie & Otsego RR: 37/8
Schoharie Valley RR: 40/30; 47/opp. 57
Schuylkill & Lehigh Valley RR: 42/20; 109/27
Schuylkill & Susquehanna RR: history, 105/48-50, 46; roster, 118/57; 105/50;
       elevations, 110/63; 67/32, 43, 59
Schuylkill & Susquehanna RR: 67/32, 43, 59
Schuylkill County RR: 106/37-39
Schuylkill Haven & Lehigh River RR: 72/ 53; 106/35; 107/31; 118/52
Schuylkill Navigation Co.: locos. and cars, 106/33; 67/26, 34
Schulykill Valley Nav. & RR Co.: history, 106/37, 38-39; roster, 118/59, 60; elevations,
       110/63
Scioto Valley RR: 52/31; loco., 175/119
Scioto Valley Traction Co.: 151/39
Scootac RR: 96/35
Scott & Holsten Lbr. Co.: 93/99
Scoville & Sons, H.H.: 8/31; 122/52-60 (loco. builder)
Scranton, Dunmore & Moosic Lake RR: "The . . . ," by F.S. Graham,
       84/55-57, locos., 72/99, 105
Sea Coast RR: 118/45
Seaboard Air Line Ry: predecessor companies in Florida, 86/47-62; Russian
       2-10-0s, 124/68, 70-71; USRA freight cars, 128/18, 28; modern steam locos.,
       129/11, 15, 17; 131/86; 133/79, 80; emblem 153/26; WM locos. 155/105; loco. 159/66
Seaboard & Roanoke RR: 20/43; 108/51
Seaboard Coast Line RR: emblem 153/26; loco., 177/106, 107; absorption of Columbia,
       Newberry & Laurens, 186/75
Seaboard System RR: emblem 153/70
Seattle & Montana RR: 143/15, locos., 32,46,50,59,64
Seattle & Northern Ry: 143/15, 46
Seattle & San Francisco Ry & Nav. Co., 110/69-70
Seattle & Walla Walla RR: 143/15
Seattle & Walla Walla RR & Trans. Co.: 103/53-54; 114/37, 38
"Seattle Coal & Transportation Co.," by Homer G. Benton, 103/47-56; roster,
       103/55;loco. Ant, 114/37-40
"Seattle Terminal Ry," by H.G. Benton, 110/66-71, roster, 71
Seattle Warehouse & Terminal Co.: 110/69-70
Sebasticook & Moosehead RR: 3/52; 56/89; locos., 8/65; 46/44; 152/53, 64, 68-70
"Section Crews, Hard-working, Dedicated," by John Gruber, 215/92-96
Securities, railroad: 137/4; 141/5-18
"Selected items from the Minute Book of the Galena & Chicago Union RR Co.,"
       by D.W. Yungmeyer, 65/27-42
"Semaphore Blades by Night," by James B. Caballero, 183/62-81
Semet-Solvay Co: 162/66, 67, 79
Seneca Falls & Cayuga Lake RR: loco. 162/63
Seneca Falls & Waterloo RR: loco. 162/63
"Seniority and Enginemen", by Bill Wilkerson, 187/44-49
Sessions Foundry Co.: 162/77
Seth Boyden," by C.E. Fisher, 46/17-20; 61/70 (loco. builder)
Sever Anderson Log. Co.: CNW/52
Seward Peninsular RR: 46/51-52
"Sexism?" 142/121
Shade Gap RR: 110/47
Shamokin & Treverton RR: 108/30-32
Shamokin, Sunbury & Lewisburg RR: 108/33; 110/64
Shamokin VaBey & Pottsville RR: 107/38; 110/63
Shank Logging Co., N.B.: 93/99
Sharon & Ceres RR: 41/8
Sharon & Ceres Terminal RR: 41/8
Shaw patented locomotive: 142/45
Shawmut Connecting RR: 61/82; 64/36, 41; 93/19,21
"Shawmut Notes," by C.F.H. Allen, 120/64-65
Shawnee, Oklahoma & Missouri Coal & Ry Co.: 60/67
Shawnee-Tecumseh Traction Co.: 60/71
Shay locomotives: 123/82-83
Shearwood RR: 136/56
Sheboygan & Fond du Lac RR: 135/6; CNW/ 11; Wis/8, 16
Sheboygan & Mississippi RR: Wis/8, 15
Sheffield Co.: hand cars, 127/74, 75 79, 95
Shelbyville, Bloomfield & Ohio RR: 102/14-15, 17
Shelbyville Lateral Branch RR: 123/28
Shenandoah Valley RR: 52/31; 86/101
Shepaug RR: 49/81; 50/21
Shepaug, Litchfield & Northern RR: 17/ 23, 25; roster, 44/69
Shepaug Valley RR: 17/21, 23; roster, 44/69
Sheridan & Willamina RR: 94/128
Sherman, Denison & Dallas RR: 63/14, 20
Sherman, Shreveport & Southern RR: 63/14, 18
Sherwood Ry: 136/56
Shield Construction Co.: John: 162/75
Ship Island, Ripley & Kentucky RR: 158/130
Shops: B&O, Mt. Clare, 127/22-44; SP, Sacramento, 48/25-31, 15, photos, 17,
       39; Milwaukee, Lake Shore & Western RR, 121/59-62; N&W, Roanoke,
       137/20-37; MeC, Watervide, 149/83-99; C&NW, Fond du Lac, 135/5-24
"Shop Talk," 88/58 (poem)
Shore Line Ry: 17/20; roster, 40/67
Shore Line Electric Ry: 151/37 (Connecticut)
"Short History of the Denver & Rio Grande Western Ry," by V.A. Farrell, 78/86-95
"A Short Historical Sketch of the Cheraw and Darlington and Cheraw and
       Coalfields Railroads," by William Godfrey, 11/41-44
Shreveport & Houston RR: 94/24,55; SP/19
Siemens-Halske Co.: 122/58 (loco. builder)
Nick Siegan Lbr. Co.: 113/79
Sierra Valley RR: 94/127
Signalling: "Development of Railway . . . :' by H.S. Balliet, 44/70-82: train order,
       44/76; cab signals, 44/77; banner signal; 44/77, 79, 80; position light, 44/78;
       upper quadrant, 44/78; Hall, 44/79, 80; misceuaneous, 44/81; "Henry M.
       Sperry," by C.E. Fisher, 34/8-17 (history of signalling); first train orders,
       34/9-10; New Castle & Frenchtown RR signals, 21/5, 34/11; first block
       signals, 34/11; reverse signalling, 34/ 12-15; early cab signals, 44/77; C.T.C.
       (1940s), 125/20; 127/96-98; signal lenses, discussion 155/118; "Semaphore Blades
       by Night," by James B. Caballero, 183/62-81
Signs: "Railroad Crossing-Stop, Look & Listen," origin of, 124/21
Silk trains: 139/90
Silver City & Northern RR: 75/26, 95; SF/18
Silver City, Deming & Pacific RR: 75/114
Silver City, Pinos Altos & Mogollon RR: 57/136-139
"The Silver Engine," 38/58-59
Silver Lake Ry: 81/31, 32, 33;84/47,49; 119/38, 56; loco. 162/77
Silver Peak RR: 100/39; 101/90; roster, 100/42
Silver Springs, Ocala & Gulf RR: history and roster, 86/86; roster, 88/91
Silverton RR: history, 74/41-54; covered turntable, 74/51-52; 67A/37; "The
       Otto Mears Passes," by Josie Crum, 73/ 7-15; 97/55; emblem 153/28
Silverton, Gladstone & Northerly: history, 74/54-56, map opp. 41; 67A/37
Silverton Northern RR: history, 74/55, 56-62, map opp. 41
Simpson Log. Co.: 84/19
Singer Manufacturing Co.: 162/63, 65, 70, 78
"Single Driving Wheel Locomotives," by J.W. Merrill, 3/15-18
"The Singular Milwaukee -- A Profile," by W.A. Schmidt, 136/5-21
Sinnemahoing Valley RR: 49/33-34, 52; 70/44,59; 92/48; 146/84; loco., 175/119, 126
Sioux City & Dakota RR: 132/75; 136/ 26,locos., 73
Sioux City & Northern RR: 143/15; locos., 26, 32, 40, 44, 64; loco. 154/43
Sioux City & Pacific RR: CNW/12, roster, 43,47, 68; mention, 132/73,74, 80
Sioux City & St. Paul RR: 132/75; 143/40; 154/20
Sioux City & Western Ry: 143/15, locos., 44,58,64
Sioux City, O'Neill & Western RR: 143/16, locos., 44,58, 64
Sioux Falls, Yankton & South Western RR: 143/16
Sioux Valley RR: 132/78
"'Sir Henry,' Some Notes on the Life of Sir Henry Thornton," by J. Plomer,
       103/7-20
Skaneateles RR: "The First . . . ," by R.F. Palmer, 120/71-74
Skaneateles & Jordan RR: 120/72
Slade Lbr. Co.: 94/64
Sleeping cars: see Cars, Pullman Co.
Smethport RR: 81/43,44,45,51
Smethport & Olean RR: 61/82; 64/35, 41; 93/15
Smithsonian Institution, 152/7-12
"Smoke Stacks, Ours and Others," by Fred Jukes, 112/3949
Snake River Lbr. Co.: 84/53
Snow: the locomotive in winter, 1885, 130/67
Snow plows: crude, 68/opp. 54 and 56; 1850s, photos, 150/117; 151/105;
       Russell, 1890, 139/15-16; Leslie rotary, 139/16
Snow sheds: 133/35; mention, 138/36-37
Snyder Co., Georgo W.: 103/62; 114/49 (loco. builder)
Solvay Process Co.: 162/73, 74, 76-78
Some: "... Additional Remarks on History of Norris Locomotives in Bulletin
       No. 79," by A.D. de Pater, 109/34-44; "... Anecdotes of the Old Colony,"
       by W. Jacobs, 5/28-33; "... Comments on a Letter of 1833 from the
       Baltimore & Ohio RR to the Stockton & Darlington RY in Enaland." bv G.A.
       Petch, 90/157-161; "... Early Locomotive Patents," by P.T. Warner, 87/9-20;
       98/47-62; "... Experimental and Historical Locomotives of the Chicago
       & Northwestern RR," by R.W. Carlson, 2/19-26; "... Famous Runs and
       Some Famous Engines," by C.E. Fisher, 3/21-27; "... interesting
       Diaries" (of Henry W. Richards), 15/38-44; "... interesting Letters Furnished
       by Mr. Inglis Stuart" (of L.L. Fletcher), 20/56-57; ". . . Notes on the Chicago
       & North Western Ry," by H.E. Nichols, 31/47-48; "... Notes on Our Early
       Railroads," by C.E. Fisher, 81/58-66; ". . . Notes on the Origin of the
       Syracuse and Chenango Valley RR," by W.C. Kessler, 46/21-24; ". . . Notes
       Upon Early English Locomotives in America," by G.W. Bishop, 5/63-66;
       "... Old inventories and Jacking up Locomotive Bells," by C.E. Fisher,
       102/4346; "... Railroad Landmarks of New York City," by W. Jacobs,
       65/76-82; "... Unpublished Letters of John B. Jervis Concerning Railroad
       Construction and Operation 1831-1835," 55/8-36
Somers Lbr. Co.: 143/16, locos., 34, 59, 68, 76, 116; 145/112
Somerset Ry: 3/52; 28/19; 55/71; 56/89, 91,92; 152/54-56, 60, 62, 64, 70, 73
Somerset & Kennebec RR: 3/47, 48; 55/ 64-65; 152/53
Somerset Coal Ry: 85/22, 23
Sonoma & Marin RR: 29/28
Sonoma County & Vallejo RR: 29/26,27
Sonoma Valley Prismoidal RR: 29/27
Sonora Ry: 80/18, 21,22,25,26,29
Soo Line: see Minneapolis, St. Paul & Sault Ste. Marie Ry
"Sounders and Silence: Some Isolated Train Order
       Stations in Fiction," by John R. Stilgoe, 157/45-54
South & Western RR: 148/84, loco., 87
South Atlantic & Ohio RR: No. 3 bogie, 41/21; loco. data, 8/79
South Branch RR: 81/48, 49
South Buffalo RR: 72/110; 120/16
South Cairo & East Durham RR: 37/9
South Carolina Canal & RR Co.: "... ," by G.E. Maudlin, 17/70-78; "History
       of the Best Friend of Charleston," 18/60-61; "The West Point of the ... ,"
       37/71 (1831 article); locos. 1838, 6/32; 62/57-58; history and locos. 1842,
       101/64-70; 103/74-75; report on locos. and cars (1833), 7/7-2; Best Friend of
       Charleston original drawing, 7/8-9, 11; West Point original drawing, 7/10-11;
       loco. South Carolina, 15/76; first 4-4-0, 8/16; passenger cars 1830s, 32/50;
       claim for killing a cow (1835), 129/43; dividends, 132/65, 69; mention, 17/73;
       20/38-41; 91/14-16; 150/116. See also Charleston & Hamburg RR
South Chicago Loco. Works: 122/56-57
South Dakota Central Ry: 143/16, locos., 60, 62, 64,77, 102, 103
South East Coal Co.: 172/61
South Easton & Phillipsburg RR: 47/68, 69
South Florida RR: 86/41-43; 44, 73, 75-80; roster, 79-80; 88/89-91
South Georgia & West Coast RR: 84/53; 119/51
South Jersey RR: Holman loco., 98/62; mention, 67/13, 69; 118/44
South Manchester RR: 17/20; 49/75
South Pacific Coast Ry: "A Trip on the . . ., 1882," 132/86-92; 17/51-52;
       94/24, locos., 124-125, 126; SP/l9, loco. 101, 102
South Penn RR: 96/26, 64; 122/26
South San Francisco Belt Ry: SP/55
South Shore RR (Louisiana): 124/73, 75; 144/62
South Shore RR (Massachusetts): 8/56, 59; mention, 17/17
South Side RR (Long Island): 120/29
South Side RR Virginia): roster, 52/32; Civil War, 71/71-84; loco. notes,
       124/49; mention, 10/25; 52/29
South Shore Ry.: loco. 159/56, 70
S. W. Port. Cem. Co: 172/61
"The South Works Narrow-Gauge Railroad," John P. Humiston, 180/73-126;
       181/129-130
Southbridge & Blackstone RR: 1/12, 13; 16/39, 42; 22/56; 49/69; locos., 47/71,
       81; 69/84
Southeastern Construction Co.: 162/71
Southeastern Express Co.: 40/57
Souther, John: 149/61, 62 (loco. builder)
Southern Ry: 151/17-18 (electric line at St. Louis)
Southern Ry: "Southern Ry System -- Memphis Division," by G.W. Lindsay;
       history, 90/70-78; operations, 90/78-81 (Memphis & Charleston RR); Best
       Friend of Charleston replica, 18/60-61; loco. Cincinnati, 17/79; Ashville to
       Morristown line, 68/7-26; USRA freight cars, 128/28-33; loco. notes,
       129/5; No. 1316, 135/100; Harrisonburg Branch, B&O RR involvement,
       105/29; Bluemont Branch, 105/31; ownership of Cumberland RR, 108/8,
       10; involvement with Clinchfield RR and predecessors, 148/84; 2-10-Os,
       124/68, 71ff, photo between 66 and 67; ex Erie 2-8-2s, 131/84, 95, 96;
       Artimus Jellico RR, 108/14; Stephenson, Tennessee, train robbery (1912),
       135/118; emblems 153/27,60; support for Good Roads, 155/39-42; locos., 180/140
Southern Railroad (Mississippi): "Mississippi's ...: A Study in Perils and
       Perserverance," by J.A. Ward, 144/29-49, roster, 49; mention, 140/9,
       locos., 82, 83; loco. 157/98
"A Southern Railroad at War: The North Carolina Railroad and the Confederacy," by
       Allen W. Trelease, 164/5-41
Southern Calitornia Ry: 75/26, 36; 80/43; 123/76; SF/18
Southern California Motor Road: 94/24; loco. note, 94/129; SP/20, 103
Southern Central RR: history, 122/70-85, roster, 83; mention, 42/24; 126/13-14;
       loco. notes, 126/39,58, 61
Southern DuBois RR: 70/60
Southern Indiana RR: 136l27, locos., 56, 58, 80, 102
Southern lowa Ry: 132/78
Southern Iowa Traction Co. 154/28
Southern Iron & Equipment Co.: locos. purchased from Buffalo, Rochester &
       Pittsburgh RR and list of dispositions, 119/51-55
Southern Kansas RR: 75/26, locos., 145147; 60/31, 32
Southern Kansas & Western RR: 60/33
Southern Michigan Ry: 151/31
Southern Midland RR: 1/13; 22/56,57
Southern Minnesota RR: 136/26, loco., 74; 95/63
Southern Pacific RR: "The Beginnings of the . . . ," by D.J. Joslyn, 17/47-54;
       22/49; "Locomotives of the . . . ," by Best and Joslyn, 94/7-169; SP/5-116;
       gas electric cars, 94/52-53, 122-123; locomotive history, 94/8-17, 155-169;
       "Howard Stillman, Western Railroader," by R.O.M. Phillips, 74/39-40;
       "Farewell to the Lark," by S.K. Siheckl, 120/66-67; "Hunting Deer
       with a Steam Locomotive," by H.G. Hill, 123/52-54; "Closing the Gap: The
       Coast Line and its Bridges in Ventura and Santa Barbara Counties," by N.
       Lawler, 145/87-105; "The Last Days of ... Steam," by F.A. Stindt,
       149/100-113; list and location of preserved locos., 149/110-113; 4-4-2 locos.,
       62/15; 4-6-2s, 68/70; A.J. Stephens and his valve gear, 65/13-25; use of oil for
       fuel, 137/4; Carson & Colorado RR acquisition, 34/46; history, 45/19-20;
       last operation of Owenyo line, 150/118; passenger trains, 1/23; passenger
       cars, 145/57-59; recollections of Ed Turner concerning the Oakland-Reno
       line (1920s), 118/67-75; hijacking a train (1893), 127/21; C.T.C. signal
       installation, 127/96-97; USRA freight cars, 128/23, 28-33; hobos (1887),
       136/27; 1895 strike, 139/4; brief history, SP/20; 1887 washout, 141/33;
       "To Santa Cruz on Southern Pacific's Sun-Tan Special," by Fred A.Stindt,
       152/111-118; photo Daylight-types under const. 152/39; 153/104;
       emblem 153/29; loco. 156/71; misc. loco. photos, 158/22ff; "The . . .
       Builds a Bridge - The Saga of the Martinez-Benicia Bridge," by John
       W. Snyder, 161/66-93; "Dissolution of the Union Pacific-. . . Merger,"
       by Lloyd J. Mercer, 164/53-63; Dieselization, Dsl/105-108; trial of
       diesel-hydraulic locos., 184/10-19; "Electrification over the Sierra Nevada,"
       by William D. Middleton, 199/8-15
Southern Pacific RR involvement with or acquisition of: proposed Farmington
       to Durango branch, 67A/132; Holton Interurban Ry, 112/50-52; Los Angeles
       & San Pedro RR,55/61-62; 97/46, 4754; Monterey & Salinas Valley RR,
       66/8, 16, 19, 22; Northwestern Pacific RR, 29/26; San Francisco & San Jose RR,
       35/59; Sacramento Southern branch, 48/37; railroads in San Diego area,71/8;
       80/12-30; Virginia & Truckee and Nevada lines, 100/26
Southern Pacific RR (1856 Louisiana company): 92/92
Southern Pacific RR (Texas): 135/36
Southern Pacific of Arizona: 94/25, 72-73, 85-86, 136, 137, 146, 147; SP/20,
       locos.,58,70, 107, photo, 113
Southern Pacific of California: 94/25; SP/20
Southern Pacific of Mexico: 94/25; SP/20, locos., 110-114, photo, 109
Southern Pacific of New Mexico: 94/25, 73, locos., 85, 87, 136, 147; SP/20,
       100, 107, 159
Southern Transcontinental RR: 135/38-39
Southern Wisconsin RR: 35/77; 58/47; Wis/20,27
Southfield Branch RR: 47/77
Southwark RR: 21/17, 30
Southwest DuBois RR: 49/37
Southwest Missouri RR: 60/56
South Western RR: "A Common Carrier of the South Before and During the
       War," by C.G. Woodward, 44/48-63, loco. records, 61-62; 90/75
Southwestern Mineral Ry: 63/12, 20
Southwestern RR of Arizona: 94/24, 146
Spaulding Log. Co.: 94/129
Speed: "Train Speeds and Safety in 1826 as Expounded by Claudius Crozet," by
       E.O. Cullen, 17/41-46; "Unparalleled Speed," 18/62~7 (NYC No. 870 and
       1891 special train); "The Weems Torpedo: Two Miles per Minute in 1889,"
       142/91-92
Split Rock Lbr. Co.: 93/99
Spokane & Eastern Ry & Power Co.: 143/ 16, loco., 120
Spokane & Inland Ry: 143/17, 117, 120; 151/31
Spokane & Inland Empire RR: 143/16-17, 120
Spokane, Coeur d'Alene & Palouse Ry: 143/17, locos., 117, 120, 128
Spokane Falls & Northern RR: 143/17, locos., 48,54,55,58,67,72
Spokane International RR: 119/56; "Locomotives of the . . .," by William D.
       Edson,161/94-97; 166/129-130
Spokane, Portland & Seattle RR: USRA freight cars, 128/28-33; "Fighting Cars with
       Buses," by Douglas V. Shaw and Mark Reutter, 193/59-73
Sprague electric railway system: 26/26, photo between 28 and 29
Sprague Stuart Lbr. Co.: CNW/47
Springfield & Mansfield RR: 119/67
Springfield & New London RR: 17/22, 23; 82/37
Springfield & Northeastern RR: 17/21; 82133, 37
Springfield & Northwestern RR: 61A/9; 133/34,loco.,58
Springfield, Athol & Northeastern RR: 32/38
Springfield, Effingham & Southeastern RR: 140/9, loco., 12
Springfield Electric Ry (Vermont): 151/ 37
Springfield, Mt. Vernon and Pittsburgh RR: 16/25; 141/47
Springfield Terminal RR: loco. 175/126
Springfield, Troy & Piqua RR: 151/49
Spruce Falls Power & Paper Co.: 152/81
"Spunky Little Devils: Locomotives of the New York Elevated," by John H. White, Jr.,
       162/20-58
Stack Lbr. Co.: 54/163; 113/79
Stamps Log. Co.: 144/60
Standard Building Materials Co.: 154/94
Standard code: see Rules
Standard Construction Co.: 162/67
Standard Oil Co.: 175/131
Standard Rope & Twine Co.: 162/71
Standard Steel Car Co.: USRA freight cars, 128/8, 14,27; 138/10,58
Standard time: "The invention of Railroad Time," by 1. Bartky, 148/13-22;
       standardization on New Haven RR, 56/28-29; "On Time: Railroads and
       the Tempo of American Life," by J.A. Ward, 151/87-95; "Running on Time,"
       by Ian R. Bartky,:159/18-38
"Standardization of Time in Connecticut," by Sidney Withington, 46/14-16
"The Standardization of the Track Gauge of American Railways," by J.H.
       Westbay, 34/28-35
Stanley, Merrill & Phillips RR: 54/162; 72/105
Stanwood & Tipton RR: 132/75
Star Union Line: 141/108, 112, 115 (freight forwarder)
Starke & Simpson City RR: 86/57
"The Start of the Hartford & New Haven RR," by W.C. Snow, 61/66-69
State Line RR: 49/35; 70/59
State Line & Indiana City RR: 73/58
State Line & Sullivan RR: 126/40, 62
State Line & Union RR: Wis/8, 16
Stations: Boston's stations, 4/3-13; "Chicago's Old Depots," by A. Curran,
       40/33-35; "The Location of Railroad Passenger Depots in Chicago and St.
       Louis, 1850-1900," by C. Abbott, 120/31-47; "Cincinnati Passenger
       Stations Before 1930," by C.W. Condit, 132/5-36; Dearborn Station, 47/95-98;
       Grand Central Station Chicago, 46/ 53-55; Grand Central Station NYC
       (old), 38/32-33; 35/79-83; LaSalle Street Station, 50/84-87; New York
       City Stations (1850), 40/72-73; station, 1846-1850, 55/37-38; Union
       Station Chicago, 49/101-104; National Historic Sites-Mount Clare,
       Ellicott City, and Washington, D.C. stations, 124/33-35; telegraph office (1895),
       132/36; standardized design, 137/97; "The Railroad Lunch Counter" (1884),
       125/118. "Discovery at Duffields: Oldest Surviving U.S. Passenger Station?" by
       Herbert H. Harwood, 170/69 (Research Note); "[Print and Image:] Designing the
       Future," by James D. Dilts, 186/112-117; "Midwest Metamorphosis," by Joseph P.
       Schwieterman, 198/42-59
; See also individual railroads
Steam cars: see Cars, steam
"The Steam Engine in Prints and Photographs," by , John H. White Jr., 152/29-41
Steam locomotives: "The . . . of the New Haven RR," by C.E. Fisher, 100/67-81;
       ". . . of the Clinchfield," by W.D. Edson, 148/87-100; ". . . of the
       Pennsylvania Railroad System," by C.E. Fisher, 89/139-158; 90/133-146;
       91/130-152; "The . . . Whistle," by C.F.H. Allen, 106/28-31; " of the
       Mobile & Ohio," by William D. Edson,155/85-109; 159/78-79
"Steam vs. Diesel Locomotives," (1942) by Robert: Aldag, 167/148-157
"[Locomotive Notes] Steam Singletons," by George H. Drury, 182/88-93
Steamtown: 147/132, 164; loco. 152/76; 172/53
Stearns Coal & Lbr. Co.: 105/55, map,56
"Steel Rails and Ice: Alaska's Copper River & Northwestern Railway," by William: Alley,
       168/51-75
"Steel Ropes into the Howling Wilderness: First Cable Cars in Los Angeles," by
       R.C. Post, 146/54-59
"Steel Wheels on Paper: The Railroad in American Literature," by Ian Marshall, 165/37-62
Steelton & Highspire RR: 120/16; locos. 177/106
Sterling & Rock Island RR: 27/25
"The Sterling Iron & Ry Co.," by N.H. Green, 47/75-78
Sterling Mountain Ry: 47/75-78
Steubenville & Indiana RR: 141/38, locos., 40,41
Stevens, John: "Replica of the Colonel Stevens Locomotive," 18/68-69;
       "Documents Tending to Prove the Advantages of Railways, 1812," by J. Stevens
       (special R&LHS publication); mention, 11/7; 91/8-9
Stevens Point & Northern RR: 115/49-50
Stewards & Beautelchais Coal Co., 174/91
"Stewart's Journal -- Railway Travel in 1869-1871," 127/56-64 (New York
       to Chicago)
"A.B. Stickney and James J. Hill: The Railroad Relationship," by H.R. Grant,
       146/9-22
Stockton & Copperopolis RR: 94/25, locos., 134, 135;SP/20, 104, 105
Stockton & Visalia RR: SP/21, 105; 94/25
Stockton Terminal & Eastern RR: 94/76
Stokers: "The Broom Handle That Made Stoker History," by Bennett and
       Bennett, 128/50-67; Barnum stoker, 128/55; Duplex stoker, 128/52-54,
       56-59; Crawford stoker, 128/55-56, 60, 62; Street stoker, 128/55,59, 60, 62
"The Stone Mountain Scenic RR," by J.G. Bogle, 109/6-10
Stonega Coke & Coal Co.: 162/66
Stony Brook RR: 17/17
The Story of: ". . .America's Chapel Cars," by Wilma and Norman Taylor, 178/7-75;
       ... Anthracite," by W.J. Coughtry, 61/55-61; "... Emma Nevada Kimball," by G.M.
       Best, 62/7175; "... the Florida Railroads, 1834-1903," by G.W. Pettengull, 86/7-132;
       ". . . the Green Bay and Western RR," by Ray & Ellen Specht, 115/6-92; ". . . a
       Mountain Railroad," by F.J. Langsdale, 96/63-79; ". . . the New England," by Warren
       Jacobs, 1/12-16 (NY & NE RR); "... the Old Woburn Branch RR," by J.M. Kimball,
       3/3-13
Stoughton Branch RR: 46/42
Stourbridge Lion centenary: 20/7-9, 13-14
Stout Railplane: 145/52,53
Straight Shoot RR: 88/59
Strang Motor Car Co.: 129/93
Strange Lbr. Co.: Wis/23, 32
Strasburg RR: 147/132, 136; 150/20
"Strategic Short Line," by James R. Fair, 186/68-87 (Columbia, Newberry & Laurens)
Stratford & Huron RR: 147/61
Strikes: see Labor
"The Strong Locomotive," by Paul T. Warner, 92/73-82; 62/8; 68/61-62;
       142/45-46
Strong Loco. & Manufacturing Co.: 92/79-80
Suburban Ry: 120/ 15
Suburban Rapid Transit Ry.: loco. 162/61
Suburban service: Chicago, Rock Island & Pacific RR, 77/34-66; Illinois Central,
       66/28-36; early steam lines of Los Angeles, 99/8-26; reduced rates
       (1800s), 105/16
Suger Creek & Northern RR: 185/70
Sugar Loaf Coal Co.: locos. 1840, 62/54; 101/70; mention, 8/14; 87/13-14;
       109/18,2O,21,22
Sugar Pine Lumber Co.: 160/25ff
"Sugar Plantation Railroads in Hawaii," by R.A. Ramsay, 114/15-26
Sugar Run RR: 78/84-85
Sullivan (County) RR: 17/17; 29/11; roster, 34/53; VC/26-27, 43
Sulphur Springs RR: 60/67
Summit Branch RR: 105/44-45
Sumner County RR: 60/33
Sumpter Valley RR: 94/125; 100/40
Sunbury & Erie RR: use by Catawissa RR, 108/23
Sunbury, Hazleton & Wilkes Barre RR: 109/27-28; 110/64
Suncook Valley RR: 17/20, 24
Sunset Limited: 1/23
Sun-Tan Special: "To Santa Cruz on Southern Pacific's ...," by Fred A.Stindt, 152/111-118
Superheaters: reduced boiler pressure, 68/68
Superior & St. Croix RR: Wis/58
Superior & Southeastern RR: loco. 154/41
Superior Belt Line & Terminal Ry: Wis/ 41, 42,58-59; 143/17
Superior Short Line Ry: Wis/33, 37; 154/20
"The Suppression of Bad News About the Early Railroads," by E. Heydinger,
       119/63-66
Susquehanna RR: 49/34; 70/59; 105/45 (Buffalo & Susquehanna RR)
Susquehanna & Clearfield RR: 96/34
Susquehanna & New York RR: 70/59; 84/ 53; 119/52; loco. 162/66
Susquehanna & Southern RR: 49/36; 70/ 60
Susquehanna & Southwestern RR: 96/2427
"The Susquehanna Bridge on the Philadelphia, Wilmington & Baltimore RR," by
       G.A. Parker, 134/39-55
Sussex RR: 50/60; 72/71-72; 131/44
Sussex Mine RR: 131/44
Swallow & Hopkins Lbr. Co.: 93/99
Swatara RR: 105/3942; 72/52
Swatara & Good Spring RR: 105/41-42
Swift & Co.: 154/94; 159/70
Swinburne Loco. Works: 11/27-28
Swinburne, William: 8/27 (loco. builder)
Swinburne, Smith & Co.: 11/26; 64/9 (loco. builder)
Swinerton Locomotive Driviing WheelCo.: 3/17-18; 142/45
Sycamore & Courtland RR: CNW/12
Sydney Steel. Co.: 152/81, 104
"Symbol of Progress," by John Gruber, Dsl/73-80
Syracuse & Baldwinsville RR: 72/72
Syracuse & Chenango Valley RR: "Some Notes on the ...," by W.C. Kessler,
       46/21-24
Syracuse & Onondaga RR: 117/53-55
Syracuse & Utica RR: history and locos 1840, 101/71; loco. North Star, 47/50,
       51; mention, 7/49,50; 82/9; loco. 167/30,31
Syracuse, Binghamton & New York RR: 50/61; 72/72-75
Syracuse, Fayetteville & Manlius RR: 46/ 21
Syracuse, Geneva & Corning RR: 55/50, 51,52
Syracuse Northern RR: 109/45, 53; 178/123
Syracuse Stone RR: 117/53


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